Uncertainty and its perception: experimental study of the numeric expression of uncertainty in two decisional contexts

Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi ABSTRACT: According to a consolidated tradition of research about the psychology of decisions (Newell etal. 2007) and the psychometric psychology (Sartori 2008), the present study aims at analysing the preferences of individuals between the main numeric expressions of uncertainty: the probabilistic form (expressed by percentages) and the fractional form (expressed by[…]

Assessment and development centers: Judgment biases and risks of using idiographic and nomothetic approaches to collecting information on people to be evaluated and trained in organizations

Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi ABSTRACT: Assessment center and development center are two procedures that organizations can use in order to evaluate and train people. They make use of different methods and techniques, some (i.e. interviews) descending from the so called idiographic (or clinical) approach, and some (i.e. standardized instruments) descending from the so called nomothetic[…]

An agent based model approach to study prosocial behavior in organizations

Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi, Dorina Hysenbelli, Xiuzhi Sang ABSTRACT: Using a simulation named Agent Based Model (ABM) (Bonabeau, 2002; Epstein, 2006) we explore the effect of some prosocial behavior variables in a virtual environment, such as: Motivation to help, Warm- Glow feelings associated with helping (Andreoni, 1990), and the Pseudo-inefficacy effect. The Pseudoinefficacy effect found[…]

Psychological assessment in human resources management: characteristics, biases and solutions

Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi, Ksenia Dorofeeva, Massimo Bellotto ABSTRACT: Over the last five years, researchers in psychology and social sciences (Taleb, 2007; Mlodinow, 2008;Sartori and Ceschi, 2011, 2012; Sartori and Rolandi, 2012) have strongly stressed what classical studies by famous Tversky and Kahneman among the others found in the Sixties or Seventies (Tversky and Kahneman,[…]

An empirical approach for the development of nudges. How word asociations and network analysis help to detect priming words.

Riccardo Sartori, Ksenia Dorofeeva, Andrea Ceschi ABSTRACT: Nowadays nudges are becoming an important part of the government policy toolbox, joining devices designed to get citizens to “think” about society’s problems. The question about how to make nudge strategies more effective remains still open. This research attempts to develop effective nudges by activating social norms in[…]

Can simulations perform decision-making and learning processes of teams?

Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi, Ksenia Dorofeeva ABSTRACT: This study aims to investigate which team factors have a significant influence on decision-making and on learning processes of teams. In order to understand which factors improve more, several relevant teams characteristics drawn from classical literature have been considered, such as: shared mental models (Anderson & West, 1998;[…]

Cooperate or Defect? How an Agent Based Model Simulation on Helping Behavior Can Be an Educational Tool

Andrea Ceschi, Dorina Hysenbelli, Riccardo Sartori, Giuseppe Tacconi ABSTRACT: Over the last years, Agent Based Models (ABMs) have become an important in-strument to simulate social complex phenomena. At the same time, they have shown interesting implications for learning activities. To this purpose, we report a simulation on helping behavior carried out by means of an[…]

Business games and simulations: Which factors play key roles in learning

Andrea Ceschi, Riccardo Sartori, Giuseppe Tacconi, Dorina Hysenbelli ABSTRACT: The paper reports the results of an empirical study on the effects and impact of a specific business game, which is also a team competition, treated as an innovative teaching tool in learning. The paper starts by introducing business games and simulations as methods able to[…]

The relationships between innovation and human and psychological capital in organizations: A review

Riccardo Sartori, Giuseppe Favretto, Andrea Ceschi ABSTRACT: The article by Geoff Mulgan (2007) entitled “Ready or not? Taking innovation in the public sector seriously” points out how it is difficult for public organizations to innovate. It also states that innovation in the public sector is more likely to happen if people with their ideas, skills[…]

Vocational guidance and economic crisis: The action-research with the third-year students from a Technical School for Surveyors in North Italy

Riccardo Sartori, Andrea Ceschi ABSTRACT: The article reports the example of an action-research carried out in 2011 for educational guidance purposes with the third-year students from a Technical School for Surveyors in North Italy. 184 students took part in the action-research, 22.1% females, 77.9% males, from 16 (modal age) to 18 years old. During the[…]