The balance of working life has recently attracted the attention of researchers and managers, this widespread interest is partly due to his reflection on all aspects of life. For those who think that the main objective of life is to work, career becomes the focus of life itself. However, people have limited time and therefore have to do many other things besides their job. Without a balance between the two, you can experience many misadventures and imbalances in both worlds. A consultancy goal regarding this topic may be to allow workers to consider their point of view in terms of work-life balance and managers to get a new perspective in order to cope with such a problem.
The balance between work and family has been defined as “satisfaction and good functioning at work and at home, with a minimum of conflict of roles” (Clark, 2000, 751), balance or maintenance of the general sense of harmony in life (Clarke et al., 2004), and overall assessment that work and family resources are sufficient to meet the needs of the work and the family in such a way that participation is effective in both domains “(Voydanoff, 2005, 825).
Greenhaus et al. (2003) consider the balance between work and family as a continuum in which the imbalance in favor of the job role is at one end and the imbalance in favor of the family role is on the other side, and the balance lies in the half favoring neither the work nor the role of the family. In the aforementioned conceptualization, the balance between work and private life and imbalance are not seen as intrinsically beneficial or harmful, respectively, for psychological well-being and quality of life. They continue to say that it should be proved empirically if equal time, involvement and balance of satisfaction are better for an individual than the imbalance in favor of work or family role. In their study, it emerged that among individuals with a high level of involvement in all roles, those who reported the highest quality of life were those who invested more in the family than the job role, that is, showed an imbalance in favor of the family.
With regard to their level of commitment, equally balanced individuals scored lower in terms of quality of life than those who favor the family outside of work, but higher than those who favor work on the family. Therefore, those who invested the most in the job had the lowest quality of life.
In conclusion, the work-life balance can be defined as the ability of an individual to meet their work and family commitments, as well as other responsibilities and non-work activities. The balance of working life, in addition to the relationships between work and family functions, also involves other roles in other areas of life. The work-life balance has been defined differently by different scholars
If we have been able to allocate the necessary time for every aspect of life properly and not to reflect the problems of one part of life in another it means that we have been able to achieve the balance between family and work. Life as a whole is made up of many other aspects together with work. Those who have reached a balance between these aspects are sure to achieve the balance of life, which eliminates any imbalance.
Delecta, P., (2011), “Work life balance”. Chennai (India)
Johanna Rantanen, Ulla Kinnunen, Saija Mauno, and Kati Tillemann, (2010), “Introducing Theoretical Approaches to Work-Life Balance and Testing a New Typology Among Professionals”.